Scuba Diving in Recife

20 08 2010

Recife – Brazil – is also a capital when it comes to the sea: it is the shipwreck capital of Northeast. There are 22 of wich are regularly used for diving. The combination of natural and artificial reefs with clean, warm and crystal-clear water that are full of marine life has made Recife’s coastline a true underwater playground.

Vapor Bahia

The steamship Bahia was rammed by the steamship Pirapama at the end of 19 century. The reason: passion. It is said that the steamship captains began their own private little war over the love of a woman. The steamship sank off the coast of the Ponta das Pedras beach, causing the death of 37 people. Despite begin half-discovered, it is or a rare beauty and has rich fauna along with excellent visibility.

Corveta Camaquã

The brazilian Navy minesweeper sank in 1944, at the end of World War II, 27 miles from the port of Recife. The beauty and intensity of its marine life is comparable to Corveta V17 in Fernando de Noronha. Its practically intacts structure allows visits to various compartments. But the enormous amount of stuck fishing lines requires special care by divers to avoid getting entangled.

Flórida

This English steamship sank in 1972, 12 miles from the port of Recife, killing six of its 11 crewmembers. Today, it is one of the most beautiful shipwrecks off the coast of Pernambuco, full of life and with great visibility.

Pirapama

A few years after its collision with the Bahia steamshipin 18889, the Pirapama was dismantled and scuttled 6.5 miles from the port of Recife. It is a diving experience of rare beauty where divers are surrounded by turtles, rays, cobias and even sharks. It is the most visited shipwreck in Recife. Night diving is also possible.

Minuano

The 25-meter long shipwreck has the highest intensity of marine life. Schools of gray and french agelfish, as well as cobia, are always present. Large Goliath group may also show up.

Lupus

The shipwreck is 34 meters long and all its compartments can be entered, Schools of tropical fish live around the shipwreck. Occasionally, cobias and rays can be seen in the proximities.

Vapor do 48

An old shipwreck of a still unidentified steamboat. The name comes from its depth. It is half- buried in the sand. The highlight is a large propulsion wheel covered in sponges and coral. The boilers also stand out among the wreckage. The site has a lot of marine life and visibility is excellent.

Servemar X

One of the seven tugboats scuttled by the Artificial Reef Park project. It is 18 meters in length and intact on the sea floor. Marine life has been slowly taking over the shipwreck. Some nurse sharks live in its interior. Schools of bluestriped grunts and red squirrelfish are found in practically all compartments. Southern stingrays are usually found near the propeller. It is possible to enter the holds, the engine room and the superstructure.

Taurus

Scuttled in May 2006, along with the Mercúrius and the Saveiros, this tugboat already provides good diving conditions, with a very reasonable amount of marine life, making it a hit with local operators. This was the tugboat’s second sinking. Two years earlier, it sank during a misguided maneuver in the Recife port bay. After being raisedfrom the sea, it was no longer in working condition.

 Source: Brazil Diving Guide

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Scuba Diving in Salvador

2 12 2009



Salvador has roughly islands and boasts Brazil’s largest bay. The city is symbolized by its beautiful beaches and the catchy rhythms of its music.

You will still find the wreckage of sunkenships, the aftermath of battles fought centuries ago. Bottles, cannon, Chinese porcelain, Portuguese faience, these and other historical items have been brought up from the shipwrecks. Salvador is bathed by the Brazil Current, wich brings in ocean waters and ensures great visibility.

From november to march the average temperature is 26 degrees centigrade. However, diver should beware of possible currents.

On dry land there is a history lesson on every street corner: Salvador was the first capital of Brazil, and dates back to 1554, when Thomé de Souza came to the then Vila do Porto da Barra.

Salvador’s historical center is today recognized as Latin America’s most important concentration of colonial architecture. The Pelourinho neighborhood, the center of local cultural life, contrasts with the city’s major town planning projects.

Guarajuba
Guarajuba Beach has some excellent spots for scuba diving. The seabed is made up of rocks and corals, sheltering large fish such as Mackerel, Greater Amberjack, and Groupers. Rays can be seen. The beach is famous for having the region’s clearest waters.

Salvador
This shipwreck allows you to observe the lush sea life swarming among what remains of the metal structure. The Salvador, a paddle steamer, lies off Juá beach.
Galeão Sacramento
This flagship foundered on the Santo Antônio Bank and sank in 1668. Divers can still find many cannons and anchors in its wreckage. The place is also a great nursey for fishes, lobsters and molusks.

Cavo Artemidi
Divers see this wreck as a kind of sanctuary: the ship is 160 meters long and is undoubtedly one of the largest wrecks in Brazilian waters. The Greek cargo ship foundered on the Santo Antônio Banks in 1980. The ship has become an enormous aquarium, sheltering large fishes such as Atlantic Goliath groupers, nurse sharks, rays, barracuda and mackerel.

Germânia
Early twenthieth-century German cargo vessel. This shipwreck is recommended for night diving and for free diving, and is acessible from the beach. Schools of doctor fish, Rio de la Plata one sided live bearers, and Yellowtail Amberjacks are commonly found, as well as lobsters, crabs and other mollusks.
Ho Mei III
A recently – shipwreck fishing vessel. The ship is now home to schools of red snappers, lane snappers, grunts, Spanish mackerel and spadefish. Visibility is ussualy around 15 meters. The ship is 30 meters long, without any superstructure.

Quebra – Mar
This is one of Salvador’s best options for sheltered diving. The rock wall is home to a multitude of corals, sponges and sea fans. Divers can easily view morays, batfish, seahorses, wrasse, surgeonfish, angelfish, Rock Beauty and French Angelfish.

Blackadder
This steel-built Norwegian coal transport vessel is 50 meters long, and lies close to the reef, listing to starboard. The bow is the best-preserved section, and divers can swim in and out of it. The wreckage has been colonized by a vast array of sponges, corals, fishes and other sea animal.

Source: Brazil Diving Guide